However, humanitarian crises spawned by the conflict and United States burgeoning international presence in the post-war world brought new challenges for the Immigration and Naturalization Service INS. The Displaced Persons Act of and Refugee Relief Act of allowed for admission of many refugees displaced by the war and unable to come to the United States under regular immigration procedures. Other post-war INS programs facilitated family reunification. Between andhundreds of thousands of braceros entered the country each year as non-immigrant laborers.
After sweeping down the Malayan Peninsula, the Japanese seized the supposedly impenetrable island-fortress of Singapore. It seemed that Australia was Japan's next port of call, to be incorporated into the new Japanese empire.
Australian Prime Minister John Curtin recognised that Australia did not have the manpower or military strength to successfully defend Australia against Japan. Britain had proved unable to protect Singapore.
Curtin turned to the United States of America for protection against a Japanese invasion. The Americans proved to be the decisive factor in winning the war in the Pacific.
See Image 1 Australian Prime Minister Ben Chifley recognised that Australia needed a long-term strategy to ensure that the Australians could defend themselves against another potential invasion.
Australian Prime Minister Ben Chifley prime minister from recognised that Australia needed a long-term strategy to ensure that the Australians could defend themselves against another potential invasion.
The Australian economy had suffered under the strains of total war and conscription. Australia needed to populate or perish.
Natural growth See Image 2 Inmembers of the Australian government began to formulate a plan to populate Australia and strengthen Australian industry. Arthur Calwell, the head of the Department of Information, formulated policies for increasing Australia's population.
The first policy encouraged natural growth. It was believed that as peace and stability returned to Australia, birth rates would rise. The population would increase naturally. The plan, however, did not provide Australia with the dramatic increase in population needed. During World War II, there had been a significant increase in birth rates.
It became apparent that Australia needed an immediate boost in population. Immigration was the solution to population problems. There were millions of displaced persons who had lost their homes and possessions.
As Europe was divided by communism in the post-war years, a large number of people left Europe for other countries, such as the United States of America and Australia.
Inthe Australian government began to negotiate with Britain for assistance in instituting a migration program. The White Australia policy, an act that encouraged the migration of Europeans over non-Europeans, was influential. The Australian government wanted north-western Europeans to immigrate to Australia.
The migrant experience People could migrate to Australia through an assisted program overseen by the British and Australian governments or unassisted.
The first migrants arrived in Western Australia in September The first wave of migrants came from Britain and Poland.
The majority were nominated for trade and industry skills. Others were Polish ex-servicemen and children. Displaced persons from Europe arrived in and The majority of immigrants had travelled from Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and the former Yugoslavia.
Arthur Calwell, then the head of the Department of Immigration, oversaw all aspects of the immigration process. Financial arrangements were organised, including transportation, food and accommodation while travelling. See Image 4 Upon the migrants' arrival in Australia, the government organised reception, accommodation and eventual employment.
There were several different types of accommodation for migrants, including transit camps, holding centres and workers' hostels. Many migrants were housed at an army camp on Lantana Avenue in Graylands. The former army camp barracks were converted into make-shift dormitories.
The accommodation was very basic and proved to be a tough introduction to a new Australian life. See Image 5 Five families were accommodated in each dormitory. Dormitories were huts constructed of corrugated iron.
Floors were bare timber. There was no wall lining. The huts were uncomfortable in hot and cold weather.Greece, once known for outward migration, The data indicate that, of those registered under the program, over 70 percent were unskilled males with higher than primary-school education.
They were concentrated in the region of Athens, and more than two-thirds had Albanian nationality. In the to period of mass immigration to. During the this period of time the populations of most developing countries (including Central America, at least 70% of our projected population growth this century will be caused by mass immigration - that is, by recent immigrants and their descendents.
It became apparent that Australia needed an immediate boost in population. Immigration was the solution to population problems. Immigration. See Image 3. World War II had decimated (destroyed) Europe. There were millions of displaced persons who had lost their homes and possessions.
Immigration This essay explores the history of Latino immigration to the U.S. with particular emphasis on issues of citizenship and non-citizenship, political controversies over immigration policy, and the global economic context in which regional migration and immigration have occurred.
(nearly 70 percent of all Cubans continue to reside. What impact mass immigration had on the USA during the period Mass Immigration to USA study guide by screndox includes 24 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and . Post-War Years. Overview of INS History; Early American Immigration Policies: Post-9/11 INS History (PDF, KB) Immigration remained relatively low following World War II because the numerical limitations imposed by the s national origins system remained in place.
The War Brides Act of and the Fiancées Act of eased.