English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theories of universal gravitation, terrestrial mechanics, and color. His study on gravitation, presented in Principia Mathematicawas supposedly inspired by the sight of a falling apple.

Pythagoras, from a s textbook. He lived in a community where numbers were venerated as much for their spiritual qualities as for their mathematical ones. His elevation of numbers as the essence of the world made him the towering primogenitor of Greek mathematics, essentially the beginning of mathematics as we know it now.

And, famously, he didn't eat beans. Hypatia was a scholar at the library in Alexandria in the 4th century CE. Her most valuable scientific legacy was her edited version of Euclid's The Elements, the most important Greek mathematical text, and one of the standard versions for centuries after her particularly horrific death: Girolamo Cardano Girolamo Cardanomathematician, astrologer and physician.

A doctor by profession, he was the author of books. He was also a compulsive gambler. It was this last habit that led him to the first scientific analysis of probability. He realised he could win more on the dicing table if he expressed the likelihood of chance events using numbers.

This was a revolutionary idea, and it led to probability theory, which in turn led to the birth of statistics, marketing, the insurance industry and the weather forecast.

Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler Science and Society Picture Library The most prolific mathematician of all time, publishing close to books. When he went blind in his late 50s his productivity in many areas increased.

He later took an interest in Latin squares — grids where each row and column contains each member of a set of numbers or objects once.

Without this work, we might not have had sudoku. An obsessive perfectionist, he didn't publish much of his work, preferring to rework and improve theorems first. His revolutionary discovery of non-Euclidean space that it is mathematically consistent that parallel lines may diverge was found in his notes after his death.

During his analysis of astronomical data, he realised that measurement error produced a bell curve — and that shape is now known as a Gaussian distribution. Cantor's most brilliant insight was to develop a way to talk about mathematical infinity.

His set theory lead to the counter-intuitive discovery that some infinities were larger than others. The result was mind-blowing. Unfortunately he suffered mental breakdowns and was frequently hospitalised.The 10 best mathematicians His famous formula eiπ + 1 = 0, where e is the mathematical constant sometimes known as Euler's number and i is the square root of minus one, is widely considered.

In this essay I will discuss the journey of the great mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. I will mention his background including his family, education and early achievements. This essay will certainly contain his mathematical discoveries in different topics and formulas he worked on.

It was BC when Archytas, a famous mathematician, built a mechanical bird he called “The Pigeon.” “The Pigeon” was steam powered. It was a great introduction to robotics and technology. It was a great introduction to robotics and technology.

`Famous mathematician Amalie Emmy Noether The famous German mathematician that is not very well know but is noticed for her contributions is Noether.

Amalie Emmy Noether, named after her mother Ida Amalie; was born on March 23, A Greek mathematician, Euclid is believed to have lived around BC (Ball 50). Most known for his dramatic contributions to geometry, Euclid was active in other areas, such as conic sections, number theory, perspective, and mathematical rigor, among others.

Essay on Famous Five Summary Five On a Treasure Island Review by Keith Robinson (June 15, ) Ah, the Famous Five! In this first book, we open with Julian, Dick and Anne at home with their parents, chatting around the breakfast table.

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Top 10 Greatest Mathematicians - Listverse